Is 304 Or 316 Stainless Steel Stronger? Is 316 Stainless Steel Worth The Extra Cost Over 304?
When it comes to choosing between 304 and 316 stainless steel, it is important to note that both are strong and durable. However, 316 stainless steel is the better choice when it comes to strength and corrosion resistance. Here is a more detailed breakdown of the two grades of stainless steel:
304 stainless steel is the most common type of stainless steel. It contains 18-20% chromium and 8-10% nickel. This steel also has good resistance to oxidation and is very easy to form and weld.
316 stainless steel is the second most common type of stainless steel. It contains 16-18% chromium, 10-14% nickel, and 2-3% molybdenum.
The molybdenum in 316 stainless steel makes it more resistant to corrosion than 304 stainless steel, while the chromium and nickel give both types of steel their strength and hardness.
So, is 316 stainless steel worth the extra cost over 304? The answer depends on your needs. If you are looking for a sink that is resistant to corrosion and rust, then 316 stainless steel is a better option.
If you are looking for a sink that is less expensive and less resistant to corrosion and rust, then 304 stainless steel is a better option.
What’s The Difference Between 304 And 316 Stainless Steel?
The basic explanation is that 304 has 18% chromium and 8% nickel, whereas 316 includes 16% chromium, 10% nickel, and 2% molybdenum. Molybdenum is added to aid with corrosion resistance to chlorides (like sea water and de-icing salts).
How Can You Tell The Difference Between 304 And 316 Stainless?
The two most common types of stainless steel are 304 and 31 both are iron-based alloys containing between 16 and 30% chromium. The key difference between the two is that 304 stainless steel contains nickel and chromium, while 316 stainless steel contains chromium, molybdenum, and nickel.
The addition of molybdenum gives 316 stainless steel better corrosion resistance than 304 stainless steel, especially in environments that are high in chlorides, such as salt water.
In fact, 316 stainless steel is often used in marine applications. However, 304 stainless steel does have one advantage over 316 stainless steel–it is generally less expensive.
Visually, there is no difference between the two; in fact, the only way to tell them apart is to analyze them chemically. The fundamental distinction between 304 and 316 stainless steel is that 316 SS contains molybdenum.
There are a few key ways to tell the difference between 304 and 316 stainless steel. Firstly, 316 stainless steel contains molybdenum, which is a compound that resists corrosion.
Finally, 316 stainless steel is more expensive than 304 stainless steel, so if price is a factor, that may be another way to tell them apart.